Mandatory Radiation Instruments for ABC sites

DRAFT VERSION

 

Observatory Definitions

Instrument

Main Observatory

Super Observatory

Suntracker

 

Kipp and Zonen 2AP-GD

Kipp and Zonen 2AP-GD

Pyranometer

(Global and Diffuse)

Kipp and Zonen

CM21 (0.28 - 2.8 um)

Kipp and Zonen

CM21 (0.28 - 2.8 um)

 

Pyranometer**

(Global and Diffuse)

 

Kipp and Zonen

CM22 (0.2 - 3.6um) **

Pyrheliometer

(Direct)

 

Kipp and Zonen

CH1 (0.2 to 4.0 um)

 

Kipp and Zonen

CH1

 

Pyrheliometer**

(Direct)

 

 

 

Eppley**

Quartz window**

Calcium Floride Window**

Pyrgeometer

(Global or Diffuse)

Kipp and Zonen

CG4 (4.5 to 42 um)

Kipp and Zonen

CG4 (4.5 to 42 um)

Narrowband Radiometer

(Global and Diffuse)

 

Bio-Spherical Instruments

GUV-2511 (305, 313, 320, 330, 340, 380, 395, PAR (400-700 nm))

Grating Spectrometer

(Global and Direct)

 

ASD

FieldSpec Handheld

(325 1075 nm)

 

Met. instruments -

Wind speed + direction

RH+T

Rain Guage

Pressure

 

One set

One set

Lidar

MPL or NIES

MPL or NIES

Desirable instruments

 

Microwave radiometer


** Instrument is being evaluated as upgrade or replacement for previous entry.

 

Mandatory Aerosol Instruments for ABC Sites

DRAFT VERSION

 

Observatory Definitions

Instrument

Main Observatory

Super Observatory

Light Scattering

 

TSI or Radiance Research, or Ecotech Nephelometer

TSI 3563 3-wavelength Nephelometer

 

Light Absorption

Aethalometer (any model) or

PSAP or ThermoElectron MAAP

Magee AE-31 7-wavelength aethalometer (customized)

 

Total Particle Concentration

Any

TSI or Quant

 

Inorganic Filters

 

47 mm Teflon filter at 1.) 1 μm dry; and 2.) 10 μm ambient.

Analyze by ion chromatography

 

47 mm Teflon filter at 1.) 1 μm dry; and 2.) 10 μm ambient.

Analyze by ion chromatography

 

 

Organic Filters

 

47 mm quartz filter at 1.) dry 1 μm; and 2.) ambient 10 μm.

Analyze by thermal-optical

 

47 mm quartz filter at 1.) dry 1 μm; and 2.) ambient 10 μm.

Analyze by thermal-optical

 

 

Mass

47 mm quartz filter at 1.) dry 1 μm; and 2.) ambient 10 μm.

Weigh at 40% RH

 

47 mm quartz filter at 1.) dry 1 μm; and 2.) ambient 10 μm.

Weigh at 40% RH

 

 

Dust

Total aerosol collected on ashless filter. Dust is refractory mass after filter combustion.

Total aerosol collected on ashless filter. Dust is refractory mass after filter combustion.

AOD / Integrated Column Parameters

AERONET or Skynet sun photometer

AERONET or Skynet sun photometer

Size distribution

(< 500 nm)

 

SMPS (DMA and CPC) (TSI or custom)

 

Size distribution

(>500 nm)

Suggest inexpensive optical particle counter (MetOne or DMT are developing very nice candidates)

TSI 3321 APS

 

 

Hygroscopic growth or Aerosol water

 

Humidified nephelometer

or

Hygroscopic Tandem DMA (HTDMA)

Cloud condensation nuclei

 

Measure at 0.5% supersaturation

 

 

Desirable instruments

 

Semi-real time

-         Mass (TEOM w/FDMS)

-         inorganic ions (PILS)

-         EC/OC (Sunset)

-         Mass Spectrometer

Cascade Impactor

Etc.

GAW Aerosol Sampling Protocols

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